Q: I recently checked my three credit scores and their average was 700 (702 to be exact). Is 700 still a good credit score or not?
A: There continues to be quite a bit of misinformation online about credit scores in this range. It is definitely within the “good” score range, rest assured. Before “The Great Recession” a 700 would be enough to get you approved for almost every credit card. However since then, banks have tightened their standards after millions of people failed to pay them back and they experienced huge credit losses. Not to shed a tear for the credit card industry, though. They’ve been making record profits for the past several years and their credit losses are at historic lows.
So while your credit score may have been considered good in the past, nowadays you may need the equivalent of 750 or higher to be considered to have “excellent” credit. However, a 700 credit score will still get you in the door with most issuers. You just might not get their lowest APRs or most generous credit lines right off the bat.
But is 700 good compared to the average score? Yes. There have been reports in the news that cite the average credit score in the country as being around 670. However, during prosperous times the national average was closer to 680 or higher. But a 700 may be considered below-average in some parts of the country. For example, residents in many areas of the Midwest are known to have above-average scores when compared to the rest of the country. Not only are they said to be nicer than most folks they have squeaky clean credit to boot. It’s probably due to the fact they don’t get themselves in as much debt as big city dwellers.
Not all credit scores of 700 mean the same thing, however. When people say “credit score” they are typically referring to a FICO score, which is by far the most widely used scoring system in America. It was developed by Fair Isaac Corporation in 1956, but has evolved over the years. It’s exact formula is a proprietary secret. The FICO score range runs from 300 to 850.
FICO essentially has had a monopoly on the industry, so back in 2006 the three major credit bureaus (Experian, TransUnion, and Equifax) came out with VantageScore to compete. It runs on a 501 to 990 scale. So far is has yet to gain much traction in the industry. But is 700 good on the VantageScore scale? Nope! It’s only a “D” (they give letter grades for different ranges).
What can you do to improve your score?
Well we could write a whole textbook on the subject, but here are three easy tips to follow…
- Manage all credit responsibly – Much of this is common sense… always pay your bills on time and of course never let any debt go to collections. This is probably the most important thing to do – as payment history accounts for 35% of your credit score. Some people think that in order to get a good credit score, you need to carry balances on your cards… that is absolutely untrue! What is reported to the credit bureaus is the amount on your monthly statements (the amount due, before you pay it). So even if you pay in full all the time, that spending will still be showing up on your credit reports.
- Have and use multiple lines of credit - If you seldom use credit cards and loans, your credit score isn’t going to be that good. Your credit score takes into account the types of accounts you have, how long you’ve had them, and your payment histories on them. It’s good to have an eclectic mix of different types of credit… installment loans (car loans, mortgage loans, student loans) and revolving lines of credit (credit cards).
- Keep your credit card balances low – A small component is based on what percentage of credit you use on your revolving credit accounts (credit cards). No one knows the magic number for sure since the FICO formula is secret, but the consensus among most personal finance experts is you should never use more than 25% to 30% of your credit limit on any credit card at any time.
How one member got his FICO score into the mid-700′s by age 21
He never had loans of any kind, but was still able to work his way up to a FICO score in the 700′s (761 to be exact) by his 21st birthday.
How did he do that? It was simple…simply utilizing a number of credit cards, all without balances either. Instead he just kept them active by rotating which cards used every few months. For example, he might use 2 cards one quarter, 2 different cards next quarter, and so on.
By having around seven active credit card accounts, his credit score increased rapidly. Do you have enough cards yourself? There is a common misconception that having more than a few credit cards will kill your credit score. This simply isn’t true. There are many of our forum members that have more than will fit in their wallets and can boast very high credit scores too – it’s all in how you manage them.
This post was written or last updated August 4, 2014